Advanced Air Mobility (AAM), a safe, automated air transportation system for passengers and cargo in urban and rural. locations. Autonomous—able to control the actions of oneself; in aircraft, flying without a human controlling it.

In the United States, this effort is gaining momentum though the Advanced Air Mobility Coordination and Leadership Act (H.R. 1339).  Which was introduced through the Department of Transportation and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). 

Significant private capital and commercial innovation have also flooded into the space as hundreds of entities are bringing unique approaches to market to solve the challenges inherent to AAM.

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) will regulate the development and operations, and track and address safety and security issues that may arise, as these designs are brought to market.

The AAM concept creates innovative, yet cost-effective aircraft with a low carbon footprint. NASA and other AAM proponents have promoted air vehicle designs “enabled by electrification and scaled through automation.” 

Thus, virtually all of the developed AAM vehicles have all-electric or hybrid-electric power systems, aside from some exploration into hydrogen-powered zero-emission aircraft. Many are highly automated to navigate from point-to-point safely without a human operator aboard. Most of the designs fall into one or more of these types:

Electric Vertical Take-Off & Landing (eVTOL) designs focus in the areas of on-demand air taxis, airport passenger transfers, patient transfers, rooftop-to-rooftop cross-town trips, and more. Some eVTOL have onboard or remote pilots; others have “self-driving” automated navigation.

Electric Conventional Take-Off & Landing (eCTOL) aircraft are used for short-range trips, small cargo deliveries, and passenger transfers from regional and rural airstrips.

Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS), also popularly known as drones or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), for videography, small package delivery and pick-up, transfer of medical supplies, etc.

Parallel to that, Constructing, and the infrastructure setup: Infrastructure setups vary by business needs and goals, but some goals are universal for every enterprise. The optimal infrastructure will provide a high-performance business.

Parallel to that, Constructing the facilities: Facilities that are constructed, rented, renovated, etc., strictly for use during the construction phase of the project (e.g., structures, roads, utility connections, parking, walkways, landing strip, proving ground test area, etc.).

Parallel to that, The training should be given to workers: Some popular examples include, STEM Training, digital literacy Training, production training, orientation training, onboarding training, technical skills training, soft skills training, product/service training, compliance training, franchise training, and managerial/leadership training, Design and development training, catering training, healthcare training, etc.

The Indonesian authorities will help IAMI's to pass a version of the Advanced Air Mobility (AAM) Coordination and Leadership Act (H.R. 1339/S. 516) and the Advanced Aviation Infrastructure Modernization Act (H.R. 6270). These two bills seek to bolster current planning, coordination, and implementation of AAM technologies and infrastructure in Indonesia.

AAM is a newly developing form of aviation to move people and cargo between places not currently or easily served by surface transportation or existing aviation assets. This includes new entrants to the National Airspace System (NAS) such as electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) aircraft and air taxis.