We need sustainable mobility, One of the biggest environmental challenges we face today is mobility. Transport is still responsible for 24% of direct CO2 emissions from fuel combustion, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Sustainable mobility refers to the provision of infrastructure, services, technologies, and information to enable access to goods and services, and participation in activities in a manner that, like all other forms of “sustainability,” allows for the continuation of such access and participation across future generations. While movement is a direct synonym for mobility, terms such as “connectivity” and “accessibility” are more relevant, reflecting the need to discuss a broader concept than solely physical travel or the balance of transport modes. Economically, sustainable mobility should ensure that connections between workers and jobs, supply chains, and consumers are efficient and reliable, supporting business continuity and contingency planning. Socially, sustainable mobility concerns equitable and affordable access to goods, services, employment, and education, in ways that promote healthy transport.

The principles of sustainability are the foundations of what this concept represents. Therefore, sustainability is made up of three pillars: the economy, society, and the environment. These principles are also informally used as profit, people and planet.

IAMI's project, it is focused on concretizing the formula for the feasible and efficient integration of AVs in the public transport network, while quantifying their contribution to the objectives of sustainable mobility planning. ... Cities are focusing on developing a more livable environment, implementing the visions and goals stated in their Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMPs), but are struggling to understand the potential impacts of novel mobility solutions combined with policy actions. … The sustainable autonomous mobility, vehicles and solutions. ... Sustainable mobility also includes the important notion of access to mobility, regardless of income or location. Sustainable mobility includes equity in accessibility, with particular attention to more vulnerable groups of the population and geographical areas at risk of social exclusion. … avoiding motorized trips and reducing trip frequencies and distances of all modes, shifting individual motorized transport towards public and active mobility modes, and. improving the energy efficiency, technology, accessibility and safety of the transport system.

The transport authorities take a proactive role to operate AV fleets cooperatively by integrating with their public transport network and other sustainable solutions, there is a strong opportunity to reach desired outcomes. This third scenario would enhance the public transport network with AVs and shared mobility services of different sizes, potentially enabling the opportunity to transport every citizen to their destination. ... The scenario represents a promising alternative to car ownership: (i) it offers seamless door-to-door mobility (for people and freight) that is both comfortable and convenient through a combination of services; (ii) provides the service at lower operational costs (driverless); (iii) improves energy efficiency and air quality (fewer cars, more fleet electrification); (iv) enhances accessibility to key services for less mobile persons; and (v) improves safety due to fewer human errors (related to 90 per cent of road accidents), contributing to ‘Vision Zero’. Thus, resulting in more accessible, healthier, greener, more inclusive and safer cities, as well as in suburban and rural areas.